What We Believe

What we believe as a reformed evangelical Presbyterian church is expressed clearly in the Apostle's Creed and the Nicean Creed.


The Apostle's Creed

This creed is called the Apostles' Creed not because it was produced by the apostles themselves but because it contains a brief summary of their teachings. It records their doctrine "in sublime simplicity, in un-surpassable brevity, in beautiful order, and with liturgical solemnity." In its present form it is dated no later than the fourth century. More than any other Christian creed, it may justly be called an ecumenical symbol of faith.

The Creed

I believe in God, the Father almighty,
      creator of heaven and earth.

I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord,
      who was conceived by the Holy Spirit
      and born of the virgin Mary.
      He suffered under Pontius Pilate,
      was crucified, died, and was buried;
      he descended to hell.
      The third day he rose again from the dead.
      He ascended to heaven
      and is seated at the right hand of God the Father almighty.
      From there he will come to judge the living and the dead.

I believe in the Holy Spirit,
      the holy catholic* church,
      the communion of saints,
      the forgiveness of sins,
      the resurrection of the body,
      and the life everlasting. Amen.

*that is, the true Christian church of all times and all places.


The Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed, also called the Nicaeno-Constantinopolitan Creed, is a statement of the orthodox faith of the early Christian church in opposition to certain heresies, especially Arianism. These heresies, which disturbed the church during the fourth century, concerned the doctrine of the trinity and of the person of Christ. Both the Greek (Eastern) and the Latin (Western) church held this creed in honor, though with one important difference: the Western church insisted on the inclusion of the phrase and the Son (known as the filioque) in the article on the procession of the Holy Spirit; this phrase still is repudiated by the Eastern Orthodox church. In its present form this creed goes back partially to the Council of Nicea (A.D. 325) with additions by the Council of Constantinople (A.D. 381). It was accepted in its present form at the Council of Chalcedon in 451, but the filioque phrase was not added until 589. However, the creed is in substance an accurate and majestic formulation of the Nicene faith.

The Creed

I believe in one God,
      the Father Almighty,
      Maker of heaven and earth,
      and of all things visible and invisible.

And in one Lord Jesus Christ,
      the only-begotten Son of God,
      begotten of the Father before all worlds;
      God of God,
      Light of Light,
      very God of very God;
      begotten, not made,
      being of one substance with the Father,
      by whom all things were made.

Who, for us men and for our salvation,
      came down from heaven,
      and was incarnate by the Holy Spirit of the virgin Mary,
      and was made man;
      and was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate;
      He suffered and was buried;
      and the third day He rose again, according to the Scriptures;
      and ascended into heaven,
      and sits on the right hand of the Father;
      and He shall come again, with glory, to judge the quick and the dead;
      whose kingdom shall have no end.

And I believe in the Holy Ghost,
      the Lord and Giver of Life;
      who proceeds from the Father and the Son;
      who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified;
      who spoke by the prophets.

And I believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church.
      I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins;
      and I look for the resurrection of the dead,
      and the life of the world to come. Amen.